How to write a scientific article?

how to write a scientific article

Why do you have to write articles?
Information, technologies in any sphere of activity have properties to change and become outdated. If you want to become a professional and an excellent specialist, you will have to constantly learn, master new technologies, process current information to use it effectively in your work. The number of scientific facts doubles every ten years, so today’s students will have to study for life. To know the modern, branch information, to analyze it skillfully, to use it in work and on its basis, to create new – that is the task of the employee of any level. It’s already an area of scientific activity.
In the course of research activities you will learn the scientific methods of cognition, these are the necessary skills and abilities of an educated person.
Scientific work requires the exchange of experience and knowledge with other students and scientists. Further cooperation with specialists will broaden your knowledge and stimulate your creative activity.
If you plan to write your thesis, this work is preceded by the publication of articles in scientific publications.
Writing tips
If a novice student listens to the following advice, he or she will enjoy his or her research work, will be able to avoid many mistakes and save time on writing the article.

how to write a scientific article

You need to start by setting a goal. The goal is a conscious image of anticipated result. You must see in your area a contradiction, a problem that you plan to solve. You will need to formulate a hypothesis and see the desired result. For example, you saw a contradiction – there is a lot of volcanic raw materials in Kamchatka, but there is not enough cheap construction material. Your goal as a scientist is to develop brick technology from the remnants of volcanic activity. Keep in mind that the topic of your work should be relevant and the new knowledge you have gained should be useful to people. In the introduction, you will have to justify its relevance.
Before embarking on any scientific activity, you study research methods. Empirical research methods include: experiment, observation, measurement, comparison, description. At a higher theoretical level you will use methods of modeling, idealization, analogy, abstraction and others.
To find a solution to the problem, you should study all the information on the topic, everything that was written before your article. At the same time, you should use scientific books and research journals, where you will get verified information. Don’t forget to make references to sources and notes about them. Later in the introduction, you will have to write an overview of all the sources and literature you have used. Compiling a list of literature is a requirement for every scientific work.
Now you need to do your research using methods that are appropriate for your topic. Science is a creative activity, the main task of which is to obtain new knowledge. In the course of research you should not repeat someone’s experiments, but get new facts. Do not forget that the true knowledge is the one that corresponds to reality. Practice is the main criterion of truth. To obtain reliable knowledge you need to use not one but many research methods.
Now it is necessary to substantiate and systematize the new information. In the course of painstaking work you will create a large number of folders, collect a lot of facts, and all this will have to be brought into the system. By certain criteria you will categorize all information into groups and place them in a clear order. The order will be based on either a chronology or a theme, or a method or significance of fact. Do not forget that all information should solve your main problem. Minor, unnecessary files should be removed, remembering the rule of “Conciseness is the sister of talent!”
When you have studied the topic you will have the most important thing in the article – to formulate an introduction and conclusions. It is in this part of the article that the main points of the work should be clearly, clearly and concisely spelled out. The introduction explains the topicality of the topic, poses the problem, analyzes the degree of its study and makes a review of published literature. The conclusion should reflect the results of the work, the conclusions of the study and the prospects of the problem. The topic of work should correspond to the objectives, title, content and conclusions.

Publication of a work is a serious matter.
For the work to be published, it must be properly designed. This is a separate issue and should be studied carefully. For publication, the work must meet three requirements:

to carry new information;
identification of the author is mandatory;
must ensure that the publication is timely, i.e. prompt.
We need to determine where you will publish your work. A scientific journal, a collection of articles, a book – there are many options for reading your research results. After making your choice, you should familiarize yourself with the requirements for publications in the editorial office.

The interests of the audience who will read the article must be taken into account. Style of presentation, terms can attract or discourage readers. For scientists of a certain sphere there should be a corresponding style, language of presentation, for a popular magazine quite different. There are peer-reviewed and non-reviewed publications, pay attention to this.

If you are passionate about your chosen topic, if you have an analytical mindset, if you have a passion for new things, if you follow these tips, then creating a serious, scientific article will be fun and creative. And you yourself will change, becoming a head higher in your development.

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